Ah, and now you’ve come to the longest section of a well-written dissertation. The methodology and discussion section is the most important part of the paper; in this section, the student presents the research methods used to obtain data and discusses how to interpret that data within the topic of the paper itself. This section can be painstaking to write: it is often at least 20 to 30 pages or more, depending on the subject and research conducted on the topic. While the methodology section focuses on what type of research was used and why this type of research was used, the discussion part explores what the data means. It contextualizes the data so the reader understands its relevancy to the argument presented in the dissertation itself. This section often contains visual aids such as charts and graphs to better understand dense data.